Cancer is a dreadful disease and a life-threatening one if not diagnosed early. Cancer is on the way to become number one on the list of killer diseases. This disease spreads so quickly inside the body that by the time it is diagnosed and the treatment is initiated, it spreads rapidly and the condition becomes unmanageable. Although Cancer has some genetic links but it can start in anyone at any time without any prior warning.
Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells which can affect any part of the body. The cancer cells grow rapidly inside the body forming tumors. Cancer cells have the ability to duplicate quicker than other healthy cells as they have a shorter lifecycle which means that the cancer grows quickly and causes damage that is uncontrollable. If the cancer cells affect a major part of an organ, it results to various complications and even death. In other situations the cancer can even spread to other parts of the body or to other organs and this stage is called metastasizing. Hence, it is important to detect cancer early and get appropriate treatment as soon as possible. Cancers are of different types depending on the region or the organ of the body or the type of tissues where it originates. The severity also depends on its ability to metastasize and affect other regions, organs or tissues. The top 5 dangerous cancers are –
28.3% of all cancer associated deaths are from Lung cancers making it top the list of killer cancers across the globe. Approximately 1.5 million deaths occur every year due to Lung cancer. The cancer is categorized by the amount and type of cell growth inside the lung tissues that ultimately affect the adjacent tissues. Lung cancer is detected through chest reviews done by chest radiographs and computerized tomography scans and later is confirmed with biopsy test. Patients should also check for symptoms like coughing up blood, shortness of breath, chronic coughing, wheezing sounds, angina, tiredness, sudden weight loss, and trouble in swallowing. Lung Cancer is treatable and can be treated through chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy where the aim is to completely destroy cancer cells or tumor and prevent them from further growth. People should understand the causes of lung cancer very well as the primary cause of lung cancer is smoking which accounts for about 15% of lung cancer related deaths.
Breast cancer is responsible for 7.4% of related deaths globally and is considered as 2nd most in the killer cancers list. Although, this cancer affects both men and women as it involves unusual growth of cancer cells inside the breasts that ultimately affects the tissues of the breasts and even lymph nodes, but women are the most affected. In women, the cancer usually originates in the milk ducts and starts spreading to the entire breast. The most important sign of breast cancer is alterations in outer skin and feel of the breast with a lump like structure that may seem unusual. Self-identification of breasts helps in quick discovery of lump that helps to treat 80% of breast cancers cases. Women can also check for signs like overall changes in the size of the breasts, shape of the breasts and changes in the feel of nipple. Women may also see some small white spots that may appear on breasts which can also be a sign of breast cancer. A mammogram is often used as source to diagnose breast cancer. The biopsy of the tissue confirms it. The Breast Cancers are treated through surgical procedures by removing the lump from the breasts, and it is followed with other treatments like chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy and targeted therapy to ensure complete destruction of cancerous cells and prevent re-occurrence.
Colon cancer or also known as colorectal cancer damages the colon which is the last portion of the complete digestive system. The role of colon is to extract water and salt particles from waste before it is thrown out of the body. Cancer of the colon is typically diagnosed through a test called colonoscopy and can be often treated. 90% of patients with Colon cancers discovered can easily survive for about 5 years after a proper treatment. However, the treatment becomes difficult and risky if the cancer spreads inside the lymph nodes then there is just 48% chance of survival and if it further spreads to other organs of the body then there is just 7% chance of survival where the cancer cannot be treated. Colon Cancer is considered as the 3rd most common killer cancer globally. Although, the symptoms of colon cancer are different as they are dependent on the size and location of the tumor inside the colon and the symptoms are only visible when it is located near the anus. Common signs of colon cancer are changed bowel habits, unusual constipation, conditions of diarrhea and intestinal bleeding. In some cases the tumor can grow large enough causing the abdomen to swell abnormally and this condition is called as abdominal distension. Some colon cancers may also cause a holes and peritonitis in the lining of the colon. Large Colon tumors may cause medical condition like hydronephrosis or swelling of the renal pelvis causing the degeneration of the kidney. Colon cancer usually affects patients above 60 years of age and is rarely seen in people below 50 years. This cancer is diagnosed in people who smoke and consume alcohol regularly and frequently eat red meat and follow low diets of fruit, vegetables and dairy products. However, treatments like surgery and chemotherapy can help to get relief from cancer symptoms and exercise regimes with healthy diets will help reduce the chances of colon cancer.
Pancreas is an endocrine gland and its role is to produce various hormones that include glucagon, insulin and somatostatin. Pancreas aids in digestion by secreting enzymes to digest food and help in absorption of important nutrients. Pancreatic cancer is known to be the 4th most common cause of cancer deaths globally and accounts for about 6% of related deaths. Pancreatic cancers have poor diagnosis as they are detected very late and the patients are left with only 6% of survival chances. Hence, Pancreatic Cancers are considered as silent killers as the symptoms of the cancer are not visible until it has damaged the pancreas and other parts largely and hence it is not diagnosed until it reaches the advanced stages.
While some symptoms include loss of desire for food, drastic weight loss, medical condition like jaundice or diabetes, severe & frequent pain in the stomach, depression caused due to certain hormonal changes and blood clots in the portal blood vessel. Aging and genetic history are known to be the main risk factors of Pancreatic cancer. Regular alcohol consumption and Smoking can also increase the chances of getting Pancreatic Cancer. Treatment options for Pancreatic Cancer depends on the stage of the cancer a patient is in but mostly surgeons today perform ‘Whipple procedure’ in which the surgeon removes the upper part of the pancreatic gland and a small curve of the duodenum and creates a bypass between the stomach to the jejunum. Surgical Treatment is considered to be the best treatment option for Pancreatic Cancers as it has yielded high success rates.
Prostate cancer is the 5th dangerous cancer causing around 5.1% of cancer related deaths globally. Prostate cancer develops inside the prostate tissues of the prostate gland which is a part of the male reproductive system. This cancer is common in elderly men above 60 years of age. 1 out of 7 men are at a risk of getting diagnosed with Prostate Cancer and is considered as the 5th dangerous type of cancer. Prostate cancer grows very slowly but may spread in an aggressive manner by increasing the speed of metastasizing to other parts like bones and lymph nodes of the body. Most common signs of prostate cancer include pain, difficulty while urinating, urinating frequently, erectile dysfunction blood in the urine, sexual problems. Prostate cancer in men is usually diagnosed through blood tests that check for levels of PSA, a digital rectal exam, and later a biopsy is performed. Family history and diet are the key factors that pose a risk for prostate cancer. Treatment options available for prostate cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, and proton therapy.
About IndianMedTrip & Cancer Treatments in India
India is well-known for various medical treatments including specialized treatments for all kinds of cancers. Oncologists’ and Cancer experts in India have extensive knowledge in diagnosing the type of cancer and suggesting appropriate medical treatments for them. All the treatments are finalized based on the individual condition of the patient and type of cancer he/she is suffering from. Cancer surgeons in India aim to provide all kinds of cancer related treatments to various international patients visiting India for cancer problems. IndianMedTrip, one of the fastest growing medical tourism company looks after every single requirement of the patients and tries to offer the best solution in consultation with the doctor. IndianMedTrip is associated with renowned Cancer hospitals in India that have most modern infrastructure and make use of advanced technology, devices and lab equipments that allow for best screening, diagnosing and treatment of cancers. IndianMedTrip also takes complete care of the patients other personal requirements and plans their medical travel accordingly.