What is artificial disk replacement?
Artificial disk replacement is a newer surgical procedure where the painful disk is replaced with an artificial disk. The artificial replacement surgery can be performed on the lumbar spine or the cervical spine. The disk used in the surgery is designed with the goal of resembling the function of the natural disk and restoring the motion to the spine. Lumbar disk replacement surgery is performed to relieve the low back pain.
Reasons for lumbar spine surgery
Not everyone with back pain is a candidate for lumbar disk replacement surgery. Prior to recommending the surgery, the surgeon will perform a number of tests to determine whether the procedure is right for the patient. Lumbar disk replacement surgery is recommended in the following cases:-
- If the patient did not have any spinal surgery previously.
- If the patient has severe pain in the back.
- If the patient is not excessively overweight.
- If the patient has no significant joint disease or compression on the nerves.
- If the source of the back pain in the patient mostly comes from only 1 or 2 disks in the spine.
- If the patient does not have scoliosis or another spinal deformity.
Depending on the factors the surgeons may recommend a lumbar disk replacement a lumbar fusion surgery, or another course of action.
Procedure for lumbar spine surgery
Artificial lumbar disk replacement surgery in India is performed with a goal to remove the diseased disk, restore the normal disk height, decrease the back pain, and preserve motion in the affected vertebral segment.
The entire surgical procedure is performed under general an aesthesia. An incision is made in the abdomen. The surgeon then moves the organ and the blood vessels aside which allow the surgeon access to the spine. The surgeon removes the damaged disk and replaces it with an artificial disk after which the incision is closed.The patients are required to stay in hospital for 2 to 4 days after the surgery.
Risks involved in the surgery
Lumbar disk replacement surgery has some risks as it is a highly invasive surgery. A disk replacement requires greater access to the spine than standard lumber fusion surgery. Following are some of the potential risks of the surgery include:-
- Dislodgement or dislocation of the artificial disk.
- Infection of the artificial disk.
- Infection in the area surrounding the artificial disk.
- Implant failure.
- Implant loosening or wear.
- Stiffness or rigidity of the spine.
- Narrowing of the spine.
- Breakdown of spinal bones.
- Poorly positioned implant.
Artificial disk replacement surgery in India
India has a large pool of highly qualified and experienced orthopedic surgeons. The success rate of orthopedic surgeries in India is very high. Advance treatment, techniques and equipment are used for artificial disk replacement surgery in India. Orthopedic surgeries can be very expensive but in India, these surgeries are available at very affordable prices.
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