The complete or a part of patient’s face is surgically replaced in face transplantation procedure. The nerves, blood vessels, muscles, bones and other structures are surgically reconnected using tissue/grafts from a donor or cadaver. The operation is done to improve a person’s appearance who is severely disfigured by burns, accidents, disease or tumor and birth defects. After a successful operation, a person is able to chew, swallow, talk and breath.
The world’s first successful entire face transplant operation was performed in India in 1994 by Dr. Abraham Thomas on little 9 year old Sandeep Kaur. Her face & scalp got ripped off when one of her pigtails was caught in a thresher on her family’s farm in Chak Khurd which is in northern India. Her mother, who witnessed the incident immediately carried Sandeep Kaur and her face in a plastic bag to the hospital. Dr. Abraham Thomas is India’s top micro surgeons was present at that time. He immediately operated her face by carefully reconnecting every artery and small structure precisely. The operation took almost 10 hours and was successful, but the child was left with less muscle damage and scarring around the face perimeter. This was a miracle in entire medical surgery history.
The partial face transplant was done in 2005 on Isabelle Dinoire by Bernard Devauchelle, Benoit Lengelé and Jean-Michel Dubernard. Isabelle Dinoire got tissue for her face from a brain-dead woman’s nose & mouth. The surgeons grafted the tissue transplant onto the damaged area of the face, which was severely mauled by Isabelle Dinoire’s dog.
The Face transplantation surgery can take days, months or even years of planning and execution. A careful evaluation is done for best possible results, i.e. appearance and muscle function. If the surgery is successful It will enhance patient’s quality of life. While performing this procedure various body factors are evaluated, like the immune system response. Will medications work or not?
The surgery can be successful, or the patient’s body may reject it. The various associated surgical risks are blood loss, swelling, formation of blood clots and infection. In some cases, even death. There is a rejection risk from immune system where it may reject tissue or the new face. For this doctor will give you an intensive IV dose of anti-rejection drugs to control the symptoms. If you notice a change in color or inflammation, then contact your surgeon immediately. The other type is anti-rejection drugs risk. Doctor may prescribe you this drug or give it which may weaken the body’s immune system. The overdose is linked to kidney damage, cancer, diabetes and other serious ailments.
The results all depends on the extent or type of the surgery, patient’s body response to the new tissue and recovery type like emotional as well as psychological response. Then, how happy are you with a new face?
Patients from across the world can happily connect with IndianMedTrip to seek expert medical opinions from top doctors and surgeons in India about full or partial face transplantation surgery. The hospitals associated with Indianmedtrip are internationally accredited that render world-class medical facilities and special personalized care. Associated doctors and surgeons are highly qualified and skilled in their respective specialty. The Indianmedtrip medical tourism package includes post or preoperative consultation with doctors, surgery appointment, accommodation, travel and sightseeing.