A spinal fusion is a surgery in which two or more vertebrae are fused or joined permanently to avoid independent movement, stabilize the spine and maintain the normal disc space between the vertebrae. A spinal fusion may be an option if a patient has lumbar degenerative disc disease or lumbar spondylolisthesis. A weak or unstable spine, fractures, birth deformity and scoliosis may also be treated with spinal fusion repair. This is done by removing the inter-vertebral disc or bone spurs. This reduces some of the pressure on the nerves, helping to reduce pain. Besides this, fusing of the two vertebrae together may also stop the formation of bone spurs at that location, which can further reduce pain and potential nerve injury. Before deciding on the type of fusion to be performed, here are some things the patient should take under consideration:
- Fact 1: Before deciding to undergo a spinal fusion surgery, all nonsurgical options should be explored. Only if the conservative measures fail to eliminate or minimize the pain and discomfort and you’re still experiencing back or neck pain, or numbness or tingling in your legs, only then the surgical intervention option should be considered.
- Fact 2: A spinal fusion can be done anywhere along the lumbar (lower), thoracic (mid section) or cervical spine (upper back) region. The choice of the type of fusion to be performed depends on the specific complaints and cause of symptoms. The surgery may take a couple of hours or longer depending on the complexity of the situation.
- Fact 3: Scoliosis and spondylolisthesis patients are good candidates for this surgery. It is advisable for a patient to have spinal fusion only if no other smaller procedure could serve as an option. Chronic back pain victims, for whom other treatments have not yielded results, can undergo spinal fusion after thorough evaluation and proper consideration.
- Fact 4: Smoking impairs proper healing and thus smokers are poor candidates for this procedure.
- Fact 5: Post surgery, it takes at least three months for fusions to mature and solidify. Utmost care and caution is required to avoid any activities that could harm the bone graft. The healing of the bone graft will continue for a couple of years to become strong. After surgery, the muscles will become much weaker, so an appropriate exercise program will be needed to strengthen the muscles to regain the normal strengthen and flexibility.
IndianMedTrip is associated with the finest spine surgeons like Dr. Arvind G Kulkarni and hospitals in India. It offers its patients highly competitive packages in comparison to costs of spine surgeries in other advanced countries. Besides affordable costs, IndianMedTrip also offers its patients a variety of services like assistance in getting visa, appointments with concerned doctors, accommodation, food etc. and strive to provide the patient complete comfort throughout their stay in India.