What is Pituitary Tumor?
Pituitary gland is an important gland in the body and is very small in size. It is bean-shaped and is responsible for production of hormones which are used for various vital functions by the body. An abnormal growth is sometimes seen developing in the pituitary gland which is called as a pituitary tumor.
The pituitary tumor may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) in nature and can lead to various complications according to the function it affects.
What are the signs and symptoms of Pituitary Tumors?
These are the commonly seen signs and symptoms seen in people affected by a pituitary tumor:
- Vision problems
- Infrequent/no menstrual periods
- Impotence (inability to achieve and maintain an erection in men)
- Infertility (in women)
- Abnormal breast milk production
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Unexplained fatigue
A pituitary tumor may cause signs and symptoms in the following 3 ways:
Excessive hormone production
- Growth hormone – Excessive production of the growth hormone can lead to various symptoms which are mainly dependent on the patient’s age. Children affected by this can suffer from gigantism which causes excessive growth of the child’s body structure. In adults, this may lead to acromegaly in which the soft tissues and bones experience excessive growth including high blood pressure, heart disease, high blood sugar levels, sleep apnea, snoring and pain as well as headaches.
- TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) – Excessive levels of TSH leads to excessive production of thyroid hormone in the body. This can also cause irritability and nervousness, along with a faster heart rate and increased blood pressure, excessive sweating and weight loss.
- Prolactin – Excessive amount of Prolactin hormone in the body affects the production of breast milk in women, and is also seen in men in rare cases. It can also cause osteoporosis which weakens the bones, decreases sex drive, causes infertility, impotence and irregular menstrual cycle.
- Adrenocorticotropic Hormone – Excessive production of this hormone can lead to weight gain, especially in the middle portion of the body. It also causes brittle bones, high blood pressure, high levels of blood sugar, emotional problems, stretch marks and bruising.
- FSH and LH – These do not usually cause any symptoms but in rare cases have been found to cause irregular menstrual cycle and infertility in women.
Pressurizing the Pituitary Gland
In case the pituitary tumors cause undue pressure on the pituitary gland, it can affect the hormone production and cause various complications, such as:
- Growth Hormone – Insufficient production of growth hormone in the body causes late growth in a child’s body and also weaker muscles, irritability and overall discomfort.
- TSH – Lower level of TSH leads to fatigue, lowered energy levels, cold sensitivity, constipation and unexplained weight gain.
- Prolactin – Insufficient production of Prolactin leads to abnormal production of breast milk in women after the birth of the baby.
- ACTH – Less production of this hormone leads to fatigue and lowered energy levels, as well as low blood sugar levels and low blood pressure as well as an upset stomach.
- Gonadotropins – Lower levels of this hormone leads to infertility, loss of sex drive, impotence and abnormal menstrual cycle in women.
Connect with IndianMedTrip for effective and affordable Pituitary Tumor treatment in India
IndianMedTrip is one of the largest and most popular medical tourism service providers in India. It is connected to a large network of comprehensive and advanced healthcare facilities which are available in every major city, such as Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, etc. IndianMedTrip ensures that every patient gets the best and most effective pituitary tumor treatment at the most affordable cost ever.