Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths which develop in the pituitary gland and causes excessive production of certain hormones. A pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland which is located at the base of the brain. Although pituitary gland is small but it is known as the master gland as it is responsible for regulating the activities of the other glands in the endocrine system.
Most pituitary tumors have non-cancerous growths and do not spread to other areas of the brain or surrounding tissues. Pituitary tumors can be classified into 2 categories Microadenoma and Macroadenoma. Both microadenoma and macroadenomas cause overproduction of the hormones the type of hormones which are overproduced depends on the location of the tumor. Pituitary tumor treatment options include removing the tumor, controlling its growth and managing the hormone levels with medications.
Symptoms of Pituitary Tumors
There are several symptoms of pituitary tumors which develop gradually but it can eventually lead to other endocrine disorders, such as acromegaly and Cushing’s disease. Some symptoms of pituitary tumors are subtle such as weakness and fatigue which are often overlooked. But in some cases of pituitary tumor the body produces excessive amounts of hormones depending on the location of the tumor. Microadenoma tumors are small but large macroadenomas tumors can put pressure on the pituitary gland and surrounding tissues which cause changes in vision and lead to double vision and loss of peripheral vision. Following are some of the signs and symptoms of pituitary tumors:-
- Dry skin.
- Loss of hair on the body.
- Low blood pressure.
- Cold intolerance.
- Accumulation of fat around the midsection and upper back.
- Unexplained weight loss or gain.
- Sexual dysfunction.
- High blood pressure.
- Irregular menstrual periods.
- Stretch marks.
- Excess sweating.
- Joint pain.
- Heart problems.
- Increased body hair.
- High blood sugar.
- Exaggerated facial roundness.
- Bone weakening.
- Thinning of the arms and legs.
- Growth hormone-secreting tumors.
- Loss of sex drive.
- Coarsened facial features.
- Breast growth.
- Erectile dysfunction.
- Milky discharge from the breasts.
- Anxiety, irritability or depression.
- Misaligned teeth.
- Lowered sperm count.
Diagnosis of Pituitary Tumor
Blood and urine tests are used to determine the hormone levels. MRI or CT scans helps in detecting the tumors in the pituitary gland. It is difficult to recognize the difference between a cancerous and a noncancerous pituitary tumor. Generally, cancerous tumor is not recognised until it spreads into another part of the body. Pituitary cancer is most likely to spread in the brain, spinal cord, meninges and nearby bones. In very rare cases the cancer spread to the lungs, heart, or liver. With most cancers, tumors are staged at the time of diagnosis. The stage of the tumor is determined on how large the cancer is and its spread. The information of the diagnosis is used to formulate a treatment plan and can also help in determining the prognosis.
Treatment for Pituitary tumor
Pituitary tumor treatment option depends on the type of tumor, its size and shape. Generally, pituitary tumor treatment involves a combination of treatments such as medications, radiation therapy, and Pituitary tumor surgery. The goals of this treatment is to return the hormone levels to normal, reduce the symptoms which are caused by the size of the tumor.
Medications are used to block too much of hormone which is being produced. There are some medications which are used to shrink pituitary tumors. Radiation therapy is also used to treat the tumor by using high-energy x-rays or gamma rays to shrink the tumor. Radiation therapy is given after surgery or alone. This therapy is especially useful in case if the tumor persists or returns even after surgery. Pituitary tumor surgery is used to remove some or all the tumor. Surgery is necessary if the tumor is pressing on the optic nerves, which can lead to blindness.
Looking For Affordable Pituitary Tumor Surgery?
In case if you are looking for affordable Pituitary tumor surgery from the best medical professionals then India is the destination or you. Pituitary tumor surgery cost in India is very less as compared to in western countries. India has a large pool of highly skilled and qualified surgeons with a decade of experience in performing pituitary tumor surgery. Medical facilities in India are equipped with the latest technology and modern equipment.