Kidney disease is a condition that precedes what doctor’s call chronic renal failure (CRF) or chronic kidney failure. Renal failure, kidney failure, and kidney disease mean the same thing. Kidney disease is a far-reaching medical condition in which kidney function worsens due to one or several forms of kidney disease. This collapse is so critical that eventually, one or both kidneys stop working altogether. Kidney disease leading to renal failure can be mortal. Once the kidney stops working, there are only 2 ways to survive, a kidney transplant surgery, or kidney dialysis.
Various Stages of Kidney Disease
Stage 1: Your kidneys seem to be working normally, but symptoms of trouble may be detected in kidney tests. People with diabetes and hypertension need to undergo kidney function tests during health checkups as they are at high risk for kidney disease.
Stage 2: Kidney function becomes slightly impaired. Kidney disease is regarded to be mild at this stage, but there is a potential for becoming progressively worse.
Stage 3: At this point, kidney function is considered to be impaired moderately.
Stage 4: Kidney disease becomes serious when kidneys become severely impaired and possibly near failure.
Stage 5: At this stage kidneys cannot perform their job and medical intervention is necessary. It is the last stage of kidney disease.
Stages 1 and Stage 2 are considered to be the beginning stages of kidney disease. People in these stages experience no symptoms and are completely unaware that kidney disease is in progress. Kidney problems at this stage are found by using kidney function tests. As kidney disease progresses through the remaining stages, signs & symptoms begin to appear.
Signs & Symptoms of Kidney Disease
Some of the indications of kidney disease are here as follows:
- Cramps in abdominal area
- Kidney back pain
- Edema and fluid retention
- Normal Itchiness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Lowered appetite and desire to eat
- Restlessness in legs
- Fatigue and lack of energy
Causes of Kidney Disease
- High blood pressure or hypertension
Treatment for Kidney Disease
There are no known medical treatments for recovering from chronic kidney disease. However, there are a variety of kidney disease treatments for treating symptoms. Some of these are as follows:-
- Controlling blood sugar levels in diabetes
- Treating high blood pressure (hypertension) with medications
- Taking water pills to relieve load on kidneys (however, there can be complications with this)
Treatment for Last Stage Kidney Disease
In case your kidneys can no longer hold on with waste and fluid clearance on their own, then you may develop complete or near-complete kidney failure, you may even have last-stage kidney disease. At this point of time, you need a kidney transplant surgery or dialysis.
Kidney Transplant: In kidney transplant, healthy kidney is transferred from a donor into your body. Transplanted kidneys may either come from a dead person or living donors. You will need to take medicines for your entire life to keep your body from rejecting the new organ. If you are having a kidney transplant, then there is no need to be on dialysis.
Dialysis: It is an artificial procedure of removing wastes and additional fluids from your blood when your kidneys have stopped working. In hemodialysis procedure, a machine filters waste and excess fluids from your blood. In peritoneal dialysis, a thin tube is injected into your abdomen that fills your abdominal cavity with a dialysis solution that absorbs excess fluids and wastes. After sometime, the dialysis solution is released out from your body, carrying the waste with it.
Cost of Kidney Disease Transplant
India is among the top global medical tourism destinations for your healthcare needs. Kidney transplant surgery cost in India is the lowest in the regions of Asia. Hospitals in India are up-to-date and use most advanced techniques for performing various surgeries. All arrangements and accommodation charges are covered under treatment packages offered by medical tourism companies. Therefore it would be a sensible decision for international patients to undergo affordable medical procedures at hospital facilities in India.