A A A healthy cornea is necessary for maintaining good eyesight. Cornea is a dome-shaped outer covering of eye which focuses light and form images on retina. In addition to this, cornea also protects the eyes from germs and harmful ultraviolet radiation and germs. Diseased or impaired cornea may result in serious vision problems. It may lead to permanent vision loss if not treated on time.
What Is a Corneal Eye Transplant?
Also known as ‘keratoplasty’, corneal eye transplant is a surgical procedure which uses a healthy corneal tissue to treat deteriorated cornea. It involves removing and replacing damaged cornea with a donor’s cornea. It provides relief to patients battling various corneal problems like a severe eye infection, corneal scarring, corneal ulcer, inflammation, and lattice dystrophy. It restores patient’s vision and maximizes their quality of life.
When Is a Corneal Transplant Recommended?
Corneal eye transplant is a safe procedure and its success ratio is fairly high. Surgeons may recommend a corneal transplant to patients suffering from the following conditions.
- Keratoconus – Keratoconus is a condition in which round shaped cornea begins to thin and causes distorted eye vision. Patients may face difficulty in performing basic tasks like driving and reading due to bulging of cornea. Root cause of this progressive eye disorder is unidentified. However, some studies reveal that it is a genetic disorder. Ophthalmologists may advice corneal transplant to treat this condition.
- Degenerative Conditions – Patients experiencing several degenerative conditions like Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy may need a corneal transplant. Such conditions usually result in weakening of cells around eyes and cloudy vision. Patients must consult eye specialists in order to control these symptoms.
- Corneal Perforation – Corneal perforation is a condition which leads to the formation of a tiny hole in cornea. Corneal transplant procedure can help ease such eye problems effectively.
Risks and Complications
Corneal eye transplantation is a safe surgery but it may include the following potential risks and complications.
- Eye redness
- Severe eye infection
- Clouding of lens
- Formation of cataracts
- Eye pressure or glaucoma
- Graft rejection or failure
Patients should understand these potential post-surgery complications before signing the consent form. Corneal transplant surgery cost varies from nation to nation. Prices of corneal transplant in western countries like United States and Australia are extremely high and beyond the reach of a common man. Whereas, Indian country offer similar procedures at most reasonable prices. Furthermore, Indian ophthalmologists are globally acknowledged for their skills. They maintain international standards to provide most beneficial outcomes following eye surgeries and treatments. Therefore, International patients looking for a quality and cost-effective corneal transplant can highly rely on staunch healthcare system of India.