Testicles are egg-shaped reproductive organs that are responsible for the production of sperm and testosterone hormone in men. They are situated in the hanging sac of skin present behind penis which is known as ‘scrotum’. Any disorder of tests may adversely impact men’s health and may lead to sexual dysfunction. Healthy testicles are therefore important for maintaining fertility quotient in men. Men experiencing abnormal testicular symptoms should seek a prompt medical treatment and avoid serious complications.
What Is Testicular Torsion?
Testicular torsion can be defined as a condition which occurs when spermatic cord rotates abnormally and becomes twisted. Spermatic cord regulates normal flow of blood to testicles. Testicular torsion restricts testicle’s blood supply and results in intense pain and swelling. It can permanently deteriorate the testicle if not treated timely. This condition is mostly observed in children belonging to age category of 12 to 16.
Major Symptoms of Testicular Torsion
The following list exhibit most common symptoms associated with testicular torsion condition.
Swelling of Scrotum – Patients may experience severe pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected testicle.
Abdominal Discomfort – In some instances, testicular torsion may aggravate abdominal pain.
Urinary Problems – Patients may have to face certain urinary problems like burning sensation during urination, decreased the flow of urine, and frequent urge to urine.
Nausea – Vomiting sensation and nausea are most common symptoms of testicular torsion. Patients may feel like throwing up the food they eat.
Testicle’s Size – Testicles of patients struggling with testicular torsion may differ in their size. One testicle of the patient may appear significantly larger than the other.
Ignoring these warning signs may damage the testicle permanently. Patients should consult a qualified urologist immediately for a precise diagnosis if they experience any of these problems.
Diagnosing Testicular Torsion
At first, surgeons may physically evaluate patient’s scrotum, testicles, and groin region. Respective surgeons may recommend the following set of tests to find out the exact medical condition of patients.
Scrotal Ultrasound Scan – Reduced blood flow to the testicle signifies the condition of testicular torsion. An ultrasound test can clearly measure the flow of blood to patient’s testicles and determine patient’s health status.
Urine and Blood Tests – Urinary problems may not necessarily indicate testicular torsion, it may simply occur due to urinary infection. Therefore, urine and blood tests are used to check the presence of an underlying infection.
Testicular Torsion Surgery
Condition of testicular torsion requires a prompt clinical treatment. In such instances, a surgical procedure may prove highly beneficial in restoring blood supply in patient’s testicles. Testicular torsion surgery can be completed successfully within an hour with the help of following steps.
General Anesthesia – This procedure is mostly carried performed under the influence of general anesthesia.
Incision – Surgeons make a small incision inside patient’s scrotum to access the spermatic cord.
Spermatic Cord – Surgeons carefully unfold patient’s abnormally twisted spermatic cord and position the tests properly inside of scrotum to hold back it from twisting again.
Closing Incision – Respective urologists close the small incision with stitches which mark the completion of the surgical procedure.
Results and Aftercare Following Testicular Torsion Surgery
Patients should avoid doing sexual intercourse or activities like masturbation for a few weeks after the surgery. Testicular torsion surgery can prevent patient’s fertility by restoring normal functioning of testicles. They must visit the doctor’s clinic regularly to avoid any problems following testicular torsion surgery. Surgeons usually provide instructions to patients on taking care of their testicles health. Patients must strictly follow all the guidelines to ensure long-term outcomes of testicular surgery. In addition to this, patients may be advised to wear protective clothing while performing any vigorous task or playing sports in future.
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