It is impossible to credit any one individual for pioneering the laparoscopic approach to surgery. First laparoscopic operation in humans was performed in 1910. Ensuing several decades further refined the laparoscopic approach. Technological innovations which provided means to project magnified views of operating field on a monitor immensely facilitated performance of complex laparoscopic procedures. Prior to this before 1990, laparoscopy was mainly utilized for purposes of diagnosis & performing simple gynecologic procedures like tubal ligation.
What is Laparoscopic Surgery?
Also referred as Minimally Invasive Surgery, laparoscopic surgery describes performance of a surgical procedure with assistance of a video camera & many thin surgical instruments. During laparoscopic surgical procedure small sized incisions of a maximum of 0.5 inch are made & plastic tubes called ports are inserted through these openings. Camera & instruments are subsequently introduced through these ports which allow access inside towards site of operation. Camera thereby transmits image of organs inside the body on a television monitor. Whereas a surgeon is not able to directly see the surgical site like through large traditional incisions, but the video camera placed inside acts as surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopic surgery, as he uses the images sent from video camera positioned inside patient’s body.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery
Common benefits of minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery procedures include –
- Lesser post operative discomfort as incisions are much smaller.
- Faster recovery time.
- Shorter stay in hospital.
- Faster return to normal activities.
- Smaller incisions therefore much smaller scars.
- Less internal scarring during procedures when compared to traditional open surgeries.
Advanced Hand Access Devices for Laparoscopic Surgery
Human hand performs efficiently during traditional surgeries which are difficult to reproduce using traditional laparoscopic instruments. This loss of ability to place hand inside the body in laparoscopic surgery had limited use of laparoscopy for complex surgeries. There is a breakthrough now. Advanced laparoscopic surgeries with new hand access laparoscopic devices allow surgeons allow surgeons equal access during laparoscopic surgery which was previously only possible during open surgery. Hand assisted device is a new addition to minimal access surgery which literally allows the surgeon to feel organs inside the body. Using this potential many surgical operations from simple to extremely complicated are greatly facilitated by introduction of hand in the laparoscopic arena. Purposefully designed to assist surgeons in complex intra-abdominal operations, hand assisted laparoscopic devices have stimulated several vascular surgeons around the world to reintroduce laparoscopy into repair of complex & challenging abdominal procedures including splenectomy, nephrectomy & colorectal surgeries.
Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery
Computer assisted robotic systems like Da Vinci expand surgeon’s capability to perform complex operations within the body in a less invasive laparoscopic surgical procedure. While allowing for greater precision & better visualization when compared to traditional laparoscopic surgical procedures, operations through such computer controlled robotic systems are performed with no direct mechanical control between the patient & surgeon. Remaining remote from the patient, the surgeon operates from a few feet distance seated at a computer console soaking in a 3-D view of the surgical site. Surgeons operate a couple of masters which are quite similar to joysticks which effectively control the two mechanical arms on robot. These mechanical arms are fitted with specialized instruments performing hand-like movements which carry surgery through tiny incisions in patient’s body. Approximately three 0.5 inch incisions are made through which video camera & robotic arms with highly specialized instruments are inserted. While video camera provides high magnification, high resolution & depth perception images, robotic arms perform necessary surgery as directed by the surgeon at the computer console.
Da Vinci System for Pancreas, Liver & Bile Duct Laparoscopic Surgery
Da Vinci Robotic System is one of the best in the world for abdominal procedures like pancreas, bile duct & liver surgery. Experience suggests this robotic system is excellent on following procedures.
- Distal Pancreatectomy
- Bile Duct Reconstruction
- Reconstruction of gastrointestinal tract after Whipple operation
- Hepaticojejunostomy (suturing obstructive bile duct to intestine so as to provide drainage to blocked bile duct by tumor or other causes)
- Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy
- Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
- Pancreaticojejunostomy & Peustow procedures (suturing jejunum to pancreatic duct so as to provide drainage of pancreatic juice into intestine in patients with obstruction of pancreatic duct)
Laparoscopic Surgery in India
India is one of the most favorite global destinations for affordable laparoscopic surgery procedures including advanced robotic surgery like da Vinci. Most Indian surgeons are adept in handling a variety of operations through complex laparoscopic systems. IndianMedTrip is associated with the best internationally accredited hospitals & top surgeons who are some of the most renowned names in the world. IndianMedTrip personalized services will ensure that you avail high quality of treatments at low costs. Moreover, every requirement of international patients will be attended in detail including assistance for medical visas, choice of hospital & surgeons, warm welcome at airport, transportation, accommodation, appointments & check-in at hospital, treatment, aftercare & successful farewell post surgery.
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