Cancer falls under the category of most life-threatening diseases. It can weaken entire immune system and lead to disabling condition. It is purely a myth that this disease mostly affects men. Reality is that cancer can affect anyone irrespective of their gender. This is the reason why women must invest time in their health. Along with taking care of everyone, they should not forget to take care of themselves. Women experiencing abnormal symptoms must consult an experienced doctor to figure out the reason behind it. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can prove extremely beneficial as risk of death increases significantly when it reaches an advanced stage.
Screening Tests for Cancers in Women
Breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer are the topmost categories of cancers observed in women. A screening test basically refers to health examination that can detect such types of cancers at an early stage.
The following list describes the most widely used screening tests that can effectively help in diagnosing cancer in women.
Mammogram for Breast Cancer – Hardening of breast or lumps in breast are an indication of breast cancer. Women who experience unusual lumps in their breast region should visit a doctor at the earliest for breast cancer Mammogram is a medical procedure that involves a thorough inspection of breasts. It generates 3 dimensional or 3D images that provide a clear view of patient’s breasts and surrounding tissues. Doctors can easily identify existence of cancer-causing cells in breast area through a mammogram.
Low-Dose Computed Tomography Scan (LDCT) for Lung Cancer – This clinical test involves scanning of patient’s lungs. Women who have a habit of smoking and eating tobacco are at a greater risk of developing cancer of lungs. An LDCT imaging test uses x-rays to create high-resolution pictures of patient’s lungs and nearby internal structures. Intensity of x-rays is kept at a low level to avoid complications. Patients just need to stay relaxed while they are exposed to scanning device.
Colonoscopy and Flexible Sigmoidoscopy for Colorectal Cancer – A colonoscopy involves the use of a medical instrument called as a ‘colonoscope’ to analyze colon of patients. Colonoscope is a thin instrument that possesses a camera on one end. Doctors insert it into patient’s colon to check whether cells around colon they are healthy or cancerous in nature. This procedure is conducted under the influence of general anesthesia. On the contrary, a flexible sigmoidoscopy does not involve such complex steps. During a sigmoidoscopy, doctors only check a specific colon area where they suspect any problem.
Pap and HPV Test for Cervical Cancer – During a Pap test, doctors take out a sample of cells present on the surface of cervix with the help of a medical tool. These cells are examined in a laboratory to check their status. Human papillomavirus (HPV) can also cause cervical cancer. Therefore, same cells are also examined to identify presence of HPV in patients.
Key Advantages of Availing Cancer Treatment in India
India offers a large range of cancer treatments including ovarian cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, and a lot more. As a matter of fact, cancer treatment cost in India is just one-third of the prices that are generally charged in western countries. In addition to this, oncologists and other medical professionals in this country are renowned for providing best results following cancer treatments and surgeries. Therefore, women who are diagnosed with cancer may opt for India to undergo treatment and avail cost-effective and high-quality cancer care.
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