Buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid within the brain is known as hydrocephalus. In normal conditions this fluid is meant to cushion the brain. But when there is too much accumulated cerebrospinal fluid, it can end up putting pressure on the brain. Hydrocephalus can either be present at birth (congenital) or can also happen after birth. Causes of congenital hydrocephalus are genetic or associated with developmental problems of the fetus. However, babies with congenital hydrocephalus are usually born with a large head and which is considered as the main sign of the disease. When hydrocephalus occurs after birth, it is known as acquired hydrocephalus. While acquired hydrocephalus can occur at any age, some of the main causes of this happening include tumors, infections, strokes, head injuries and bleeding in the brain.
Signs and Symptoms of Hydrocephalus
Most common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include headache, blurry vision, problems with balance, bladder control problems, nausea, vomiting along with problems with memory and thinking. Moreover, hydrocephalus can also permanently damage the brain of the patient alongside causing problems associate with physical and mental development of children. Hydrocephalus can also be fatal if it is left untreated. However, with help of proper treatments, hydrocephalus patients can lead normal lives albeit with few limitations.
Treatment Options for Hydrocephalus
Since treatment of hydrocephalus is neurosurgery, it is typically performed by neurosurgeons. Neurosurgery cost all around the world is pretty expensive since it requires high amount of expertise and advanced techniques as well. Along with medications and rehabilitation therapy, there are a couple of surgical options mentioned below which are available for hydrocephalus patients.
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP Shunt) Shunt – This is one of the most common treatments for hydrocephalus. VP shunt involves surgical insertion of a cerebrospinal fluid drainage system. VP shunt system consists of a long and flexible tube with valve that allows fluid from brain to flow at a proper rate in the right direction. This tube is tunneled under skin to another part of the body like the abdomen or a chamber in heart where it is easily absorbed back into the body. However, regular monitoring of the VP shunt system is required for the rest of the patient’s life.
Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy – This is another neurosurgery operation which is utilized by some hydrocephalus patients. The neurosurgeon makes a hole at the bottom of one ventricle or between ventricles with help of a small video camera providing direct vision for the operation. This hole is meant to allow cerebrospinal fluid to flow out of the brain.
Best Hydrocephalus Treatment in India at Reasonable Costs
Hydrocephalus treatment in India is of international standards and which is comparable with the best available in other parts of the world. Alongside this neurosurgery costs in India in general, including hydrocephalus treatment costs are in fact just a fraction of what neurosurgery patients would have had to pay in developed countries like the United Kingdom, Canada or United States. It would therefore be an excellent idea for international patients seeking good quality of affordable healthcare solutions in foreign countries to undergo hydrocephalus treatment in India. Alongside getting the best of neurosurgery treatment, it will also present a great opportunity for overseas patients to save substantial amounts of their hard earned money.
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