Treat Colon Cancer with Colonoscopy in India

What is Colonoscopy?

A colonoscopy is a test used to detect unusual changes or any abnormalities in the large intestine which is the colon and the rectum. Colonoscopy provides the physician to directly image and examines the entire colon. Colonoscopy is very effective to diagnose and evaluate various diseases related to the colon such as colon polyps, colon cancer, changes in the bowel, diverticulosis, bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease, pain in the abdomen and obstructions. Colonoscopy can also be used for screening colon cancer. Colonoscopy technique has a key advantage which allows the imaging of abnormal findings and also therapy or removal of these lesions during the same examination. This technique is particularly helpful for identification and removal of precancerous polyps. While performing colonoscopy a long colonoscope is inserted into the rectum of the patient. A colonoscope is a long, thin and flexible tool which has a tiny video camera attached to the tip of it which provides the surgeon with the inside view of the entire colon. It is important to remove the polyps or other types of abnormal tissue removed through the scope during a colonoscopy. Sample tissues can also be taken during a colonoscopy for further examination.

Colon Cancer colonoscopy

Why is Colonoscopy performed?

The doctor may recommend a colonoscopy to patients in case of the following:-

  • To investigate intestinal signs and symptoms: – A colonoscopy technique can help the doctor in exploring the possible causes of rectal bleeding, chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, chronic constipation or any other intestinal problems.
  • To screen colon cancer: – Colonoscopy is one option for screening colon cancer.
  • To look for more polyps: -The doctors may recommend a follow-up colonoscopy in case if the patient has had polyps before. Colonoscopy is recommended to look for additional polyps, remove any additional polyps and reduce the risk of colon cancer.

Advantages of Colonoscopy

  • Colonoscopy allows the surgeon to view the rectum and the entire colon.
  • While performing the colonoscopy the doctors can also perform biopsy or polypectomy during the procedure if necessary.
  • Colonoscopy is a complete screening method available.
  • Colonoscopy is one of the most sensitive tests which are available currently.

Disadvantages of Colonoscopy

  • Colonoscopy may not detect all the small polyps, nonpolypoid lesions, and cancers.
  • The accuracy of colonoscopy dependents on the skill of the doctor who is performing a colonoscopy.
  • Prior to performing colonoscopy a thorough cleansing of the colon is required.
  • Before the colonoscopy, the patients are required to change the diet for better results.
  • Colonoscopy includes a small risk of bleeding.
  • The tearing in the lining of the colon can occur while performing the procedure.

Screening for colon cancer with Colonoscopy

There are several different ways to screen colon cancer such as the stool test sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. The entire test is performed under a mild sedative. While screening for colon cancer with Colonoscopy the entire colon can be viewed. In some cases, CT scans are used as an alternative to a regular colonoscopy which is referred as virtual colonoscopy. There are different other tests which are used such as Double-contrast barium enema which is s a special x-ray of the large intestine that looks at the colon and rectum and Capsule endoscopy which involves swallowing a small, pill-sized camera which is used in rare cases.

Screening options for people with an average risk for colon cancer the surgeon recommends:-

  • Colonoscopy to such patients at every 10 years.
  • Fecal occult blood test is recommended in every year which also requires colonoscopy results of the tests are positive.
  • Double-contrast barium enema tests in every 5 years.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy in every 5 to 10 years which is usually performed with stool testing in every 1 to 3 years.
  • Virtual colonoscopy in every 5 years.

Screening for colon cancer with Colonoscopy in India

Latest technique of colonoscopy is available in India at very fewer costs. Many patients from different countries come to India and avail the medical services at much lesser costs. This gave rise to many medical tourism companies in India. IndianMedTrip is one of the fastest emerging medical tourism companies in India. IndianMedTrip has a large network of associated surgeons and healthcare facilities in India. Wide ranges of services are offered by IndianMedTrip to their patient’s right from their arrival till departure. Food, accommodation, logistics and luxurious visits to exotic locations on request within the country is also taken care of at IndianMedTrip.

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How is Targeted Therapy Effective For Cancer Treatment?

Cancer is the most dreadful disease affecting billions of global patients. Current statistics disclose that nearly 8 million patients died of cancer in the year 2016. Globally, around 2 in 10 deaths occur due to this disease. Cancer has great cure rates if it is detected and treated in its initial stages. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the three most commonly performed treatments for cancer. However, a new method known as targeted drug therapy for treating cancer is becoming quite popular now-a-days.  Targeted-Therapy-2

What is Targeted Cancer Therapy?

Targeted therapy is a latest medical intervention used to destroy cancer cells in patient’s body. It uses various medicines and other substances to treat cancer effectively. It targets specific genes and proteins found in cancer cells and stops further growth of cancer. It precisely destroys the cancer cells without disturbing other healthy cells. This is the major difference between targeted therapy and conventional chemotherapy method. Targeted therapy drugs and medications are responsible for the following.

  • Shutting off the development process of cancer
  • Triggering highly malignant cancer cells to die on their own
  • Wiping out cancer cells directly

Just like chemotherapy, targeted therapy drugs are either given orally to patients or through intravenous infusion. Targeted cancer therapy is a mainstream treatment method but it can be given in combination with radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

Types of Targeted Therapy for Cancer

There are mainly the following four types of targeted therapy for treating cancer.

Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy – Antibodies can efficiently fight foreign substances in human body including cancer. Medical professionals and researchers have made artificial monoclonal antibodies in laboratory. These monoclonal antibodies produce antigens to destroy cancer-causing cells. Antigens kill malignant tissues and maintain patient’s immunity.

Small Molecule Drugs – Small molecule drugs attacks membrane of cancer causing cells. They target the activity of enzyme inside cancer cell and stops their growth and multiplication. Angiogenesis inhibitor drug is one of the most widely used targeted therapy

Gene Expression Modulators – They smoothly revise the function of proteins and control abnormal genes of patients.

Apoptosis Inducers – Apoptosis is a procedure in which the drugs target and kill only abnormal cells. Apoptosis inducer drugs are known to increase survival rate of cancer patients.

Types of Cancer Treated by Targeted Therapies

Targeted therapies can be conveniently used to treat various types of fatal cancers including the enumerated types.

  • Leukemia and lymphoma
  • Lung cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Brain cancer
  • Skin cancer
  • Bone cancer
  • Colon cancer

In addition to this, targeted drug therapy is a relatively safe cancer treatment procedure. There are very rare side effects of targeted therapy.

Risks involved in Targeted Therapies

The following are potential risks associated with targeted therapies.

  • Liver problems
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin problems like dry skin, rash, and nail changes
  • Poor wound healing
  • High blood pressure
  • Clotting of blood

Patients should choose reliable hospital and an experienced oncologist in order to minimize such complications following targeted therapy.

Why Prefer India for Targeted Cancer Therapy?

India is one of the supreme medical tourism destination across the world. India has a vast pool of multi-specialty hospitals offering effective medical care to cancer patients. Targeted cancer therapy is a feather in the cap of Indian medical system. Massive number of well-experienced Indian oncologists are performing targeted drug therapy for treating cancer. International patients looking for targeted cancer therapy can highly depend on Indian healthcare sector. IndianMedTrip is a renowned medical facilitator based in India. Healthcare professionals at IndianMedTrip offer finest cancer treatment packages to global patients. International patients can contact IndianMedTrip for availing targeted therapy for cancer at extremely economical rates.


Do Electromagnetic Waves Help Fight Brain Cancer?

brain-tumorPrevalence of brain cancer has doubled up in past few decades. Nearly 62,500 new cases of brain cancer are expected to be diagnosed worldwide in the year 2017. Survival rate of patients varies according to age, type & location of brain tumor. According to latest researches, six out of ten brain cancers detected is glioblastoma brain cancer. Glioblastoma is the most deadly type of brain cancer. It arises from star-like cells of brain. Survival rate of patients suffering from glioblastoma is extremely low as it is highly malignant in nature.

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7 Essential Steps of Bone Marrow Transplantation


When bone marrow gets damaged or when it is destroyed by any disease, infections or by chemotherapy, then performing bone marrow transplantation can replace the weak or damaged cells by healthy cells. This is to say that healthy bone marrow replaces unhealthy bone marrow. BMT, in short, is a medical procedure in which the blood stem cells travel to bone marrow & which in turn produce new blood cells and promote the growth of new marrow.

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Celebrate Breast Cancer Awareness Month by Debunking Myths of Breast Cancer

Among diseases widespread with half myths and half-truths, breast cancer is one of the most misunderstood. These myths misguide women and prove to be a complete disaster. Chances are every woman have heard few myths related to breast cancer and below are few myth busting points to make people aware of what actually causes breast cancer:


Myth No. 1: Under Wire Bra Causes Breast Cancer

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Lung Cancer Causes & Treatments

What is lung cancer?

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Lung cancer is caused due to uncontrolled rapid growth of cells in tissues which cluster together to form a tumor. As these tumors grow they undermine the lung’s ability to provide the bloodstream with oxygen. There are two types of tumor in lungs. Benign tumors are the tumors that remain in one place and do not appear to spread further in the lungs. Malignant tumors are dangerous tumors that spread to other parts of the body through lymphatic system or bloodstream. Metastasis refers to cancer spreading beyond its site of origin to other parts of the body. When the cancer spreads it is much harder to treat successfully.


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