Kidneys can be defined as bean-like organs which are situated on either side of the spinal vertebrae behind the abdominal cavity. Healthy kidneys are essential for regulating various body functions like purifying the blood by removing toxins, producing hormones, and maintaining proper water-fluid level in body. Various health problems can negatively impact the kidneys leading to kidney disorders. Severely damaged kidney can accelerate the chances of complete kidney failure. In such instances, patients may require dialysis or kidney transplant for their survival.
Health Condition That Can Affect the Kidneys
The following list elaborates major health conditions that can affect normal functioning of kidneys.
Diabetes – Diabetes can seriously affect a healthy kidney and may advance to kidney failure. Kidneys comprise of various small blood vessels which help in filtering the waste products. Increased levels of sugar due to diabetes can damage these small blood vessels. This medical condition is known as diabetic nephropathy. According to top healthcare reports, nearly one-third of diabetic patients develop diabetic nephropathy in their life.
High Cholesterol – It has been observed that people with high cholesterol levels are more likely to develop chronic kidney diseases. Blood vessels are essential for purifying the blood from toxic waste material. These blood vessels may get damaged due to accumulation of excess amount of bad cholesterol.
Lupus – Also known as ‘systemic lupus erythematosus’, lupus is a chronic disorder which triggers the immune system of patients to attack its own body parts. Lupus may attack the kidneys of patients and fuel up the possibility of kidney failure.
Anorexia Nervosa – Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder. Patients suffering from this disorder have a very low body mass index as they do not eat proper healthy food. It may lead to a deficiency of water and salt in body which can eventually develop a chronic kidney disease.
High Blood Pressure – High blood pressure or hypertension is a prime cause of kidney failure and several kidney-related problems. It harms the healthy blood vessels by creating extra pressure on them and disturbs the filtering process of kidney. Such condition may result in kidney failure over a period of time.
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura – Many health conditions can result in clotting of blood. However, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is known to clot the blood vessels which helps kidney to perform its functions naturally. Fatigue, fever, bruises on skin, blood in urine, and shortness of breath are the major warning signs of this disorder. Patients should contact an experienced surgeon immediately if they observe such symptoms.
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) – This health condition usually arises when red blood corpuscles get damaged and clog the purifying process of kidneys. Use of certain medications and infections like E. coli are mainly responsible for the development of this disease. This is a serious condition and one must seek a timely medical care to avoid kidney failure.
Multiple Myeloma – This is a type of blood cancer which occurs due to abnormal production of plasma cells in patient’s bone marrow. It releases a protein called as immunoglobulin in excessive amount and damages various organs including kidneys. Medical experts admit that majority of patients suffering from multiple myeloma develop severe kidney diseases.
Urine Tract Obstruction – This health condition restricts the normal flow of urine. Urinary blockage can acutely harm the healthy kidneys and lead to kidney stones and infection. If someone experiences any urinary problem for more than a week, they should take an appointment with doctor.
Severely damaged kidneys or kidney failure may cause death of the patients. Kidney transplant is considered to be a golden standard for treating serious kidney problems. Patients must visit a kidney specialist as early as possible for determining whether they are eligible for a kidney transplant. Kidney transplant surgery cost may vary depending on healthcare center and patient’s overall condition.
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