Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths which develop in the pituitary gland and causes excessive production of certain hormones. A pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland which is located at the base of the brain. Although pituitary gland is small but it is known as the master gland as it is responsible for regulating the activities of the other glands in the endocrine system.
Most pituitary tumors have non-cancerous growths and do not spread to other areas of the brain or surrounding tissues. Pituitary tumors can be classified into 2 categories Microadenoma and Macroadenoma. Both microadenoma and macroadenomas cause overproduction of the hormones the type of hormones which are overproduced depends on the location of the tumor. Pituitary tumor treatment options include removing the tumor, controlling its growth and managing the hormone levels with medications.
Symptoms of Pituitary Tumors
Prolactinoma – What is it?
Prolactinoma is a type of pituitary tumor which mainly affects the production of Prolactin hormone in the body.
Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths seen developing in the pituitary gland which is located at the base of the skull. This is one of the smallest, yet most important, glands in the entire body as it not only secretes various important hormones, such as Prolactin, but is also responsible for controlling the production of other vital hormones as well.
Signs and Symptoms of Prolactinoma
In many cases of Prolactinoma, there may not be any noticeable signs or symptoms, however, in case the tumor starts to produce Prolactin at an abnormal level then the patient can notice and experience several common signs and symptoms.
As the increased level of Prolactin in the body disturbs the reproductive system in men and women, many signs and symptoms seen due to Prolactinoma are unique to men and women differently.
In women, Prolactinoma can result in:
Cushing’s disease is a medical condition which causes the body to procedure excess amount of cortisol hormone. The cortisol hormone is normally secreted in the body in the morning, while exercising or during periods of stress.
The main function of the cortisol hormone is to:
- Suppress the immune system
- Metabolize carbohydrates and fats
- Increase blood sugar levels
The excessive production of cortisol can be caused due to various factors, however, it is mostly caused due to pituitary-dependent Cushing’s disease (PDCD), or simply Cushing’s disease, as it is commonly known. This is caused due to a tumor growing in the pituitary gland.
In many cases, this tumor in the pituitary gland tends to be non-cancerous (benign) in nature (called as pituitary adenomas). The pituitary tumor results in the gland to produce abnormally excessive amounts of pituitary Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) which in turn results in the abnormal increase in the level of cortisol in the body.
Obesity and easy bruising are among the most common complications seen with Cushing’s disease.
What is Pituitary Tumor?
Pituitary gland is an important gland in the body and is very small in size. It is bean-shaped and is responsible for production of hormones which are used for various vital functions by the body. An abnormal growth is sometimes seen developing in the pituitary gland which is called as a pituitary tumor.
The pituitary tumor may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) in nature and can lead to various complications according to the function it affects.
What are the signs and symptoms of Pituitary Tumors?