World Vitiligo Day -25 June

25th of June is observed as ‘World Vitiligo Day’ every year in the entire world. Vitiligo is a disease which results in white patches anywhere on skin, especially, areas such as hands, face & legs. Skin colored is determined by a special pigment called as melanin. Vitiligo appears when melanin producing tissues & cells known as melanocytes stop functioning normally. Various organizations & medical care authorities conduct healthcare campaigns to educate people regarding vitiligo in terms of its causes, signs, early identification, effective treatments & general skin care regime. This event mainly aims at raising vitiligo awareness & helping people & their family members or friends struggling with this skin condition on a major scale.

World Vitiligo Day-25-June

Precise cause behind disturbance in normal production of melanin that causes vitiligo is still not known. However, medical experts doubt that it is an autoimmune condition where a person’s body destroys its own melanocytes & results in noticeable white patches on skin. In addition to this, extreme stress, family history of vitiligo & overexposure to sun are some major risk factors that may fuel up the occurrence of vitiligo. Vitiligo patients are at a higher risk of getting health issues such as skin cancer, partial loss of hearing, vision problems & social anxiety.

One of the most prominent symptoms of vitiligo is white patchy skin. Vitiligo may also lead to graying of facial hair including areas like patient’s beard, lashes & eyebrows. Such symptoms are most likely to appear during adolescence period. This condition may worsen with time. It can adversely affect body folds, regions exposed to sunlight & skin surrounding moles. People who notice abnormal patches on skin or discoloration of skin on certain body parts should consider meeting a well-qualified skin specialist to prevent further damage.

Vitiligo can be diagnosed quite easily with the help of a complete physical evaluation & a skin biopsy test. At first, respective doctors may ask for patient’s medical history which includes their current health status as well as the supplements or medicines they take on a daily basis. It will help doctors understand patient’s other medical issues. An ultraviolet radiation method is used to figure out whether patient has vitiligo or any other skin problem. Doctors take the help of a specialized lamp that emits ultraviolet radiation to precisely check the white patches. They may also take a sample of cells of specific skin area & send it to a laboratory for a foolproof investigation.

Vitiligo is not a life-threatening problem. Medications, therapies & surgeries are the three main treatment options for vitiligo. Main goal of treatment is to cure white patchy skin & restore its natural pigment. It just requires proper skin care & long-term commitment to following doctor’s guidelines. Doctors may recommend the use of steroid creams to get rid of white patches. However, overuse of steroid creams & lotions may cause various complications such as thinning of skin. In some instances, doctors may prescribe immunomodulators medications & ointments. They are enriched with ingredient ‘tacrolimus’ which is known to treat skin discoloration effectively.

Photochemotherapy is a widely used method to treat vitiligo. It involves intake of a medicine called as ‘psoralen’ combined with a light therapy. Patients are given psolaren either orally or applied to skin in form of a cream. After that, they are exposed to ultraviolet A. As this treatment comprises use of psolaren & UVA, it is also referred to as ‘PUVA’ therapy. Doctors may suggest PUVA therapy for up to three to four times a week for a duration of one year to obtain desired outcomes. Apart from this, doctors may also recommend depigmentation therapy to treat vitiligo. This therapy uses a de-pigmenting agent which is applied to other non-affected skin areas so that it gets perfectly blended with affected area to create an equilibrium & normal appearance of skin.

When all other options fail, then doctors may advise a surgical approach to treat vitiligo. Micropigmentation & skin grafting are the most feasible surgical treatment options for creating a normal-like skin tone of patients. Micropigmentation involves implanting melanin pigment to eradicate the problem of skin discoloration. Whereas, skin grafting procedure involves taking off small sections of regular, healthy skin & placing it in place of white patchy skin. Patients may feel anxious and lose self-esteem during any type of treatment due to an abnormal skin condition. Such patients facing emotional trauma may take help of a medical professional to stay mentally stable until they completely recover.

IndianMedTrip is one of the well-established & top-grade medical facilitators in India. Healthcare experts at IndianMedTrip have tie-ups with all prime healthcare centers & clinics in India. They are associated with experienced skin specialists & doctors who are well-trained in treating vitiligo problem. IndianMedTrip Team makes sure that international patients get excellent quality as well as cost-effective treatments in a smooth manner. They assist global patients throughout their journey by availing basic facilities like good food, proper accommodation, traveling & sincere healthcare professionals.

On occasion of ‘World Vitiligo Day’, IndianMedTrip has announced special packages to help overseas guests get best possible treatment of vitiligo in Indian country. International patients can check their informative & user-friendly website for understanding the offer & treatment-related details. IndianMedTrip is also providing free online medical consultation for vitiligo & other medical issues. IndianMedTrip aims at helping as many vitiligo patients as possible. Patients should take advantage of this highly beneficial opportunity & decide what treatment is most suitable for them.


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India’s Best Cardiac Surgeons

Coronary Heart Disease or CHD in short is a disease where a waxy substance known as plaque builds up inside coronary arteries. These are the same arteries which supply oxygen-rich blood to the muscles of the heart. Whenever flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is reduced or blocked, it can result in angina or a heart attack. Angina usually is discomfort or pain in chest which can feel like squeezing or pain in chest. Pain from angina can also be felt in back, arms, shoulders, neck or jaw. Angina pain can also sometimes feel like indigestion. Heart attacks occur when flow of oxygen-rich blood to a part of heart muscle is disrupted. This section of the heart muscle will die in case this blood flow is not quickly restored. CHD can over time weaken heart muscle & lead to arrhythmias & heart failure. Arrhythmias are problems associated with the rhythm of the heartbeat. Heart failure is a condition when the heart cannot pump enough quantity of blood to meet the requirements of the body. Apart from the affordability of cardiac treatment cost in India, heart surgery in India is an excellent proposition for international patients seeking excellent quality of medical procedures. Some globally renowned cardiac surgeons who are providing heart surgery in India are listed below.


Dr. Anvay Mulay

Dr. Anvay Mulay is a renowned vascular & cardio-thoracic surgeon who is presently heading the cardiac surgery department at Fortis Hospital in Mumbai, India. Contributing to this specialized field for the last two decades, he is having a vast experience of over 15 years & has performed over 4,000 successful beating heart bypass surgeries in the past. Dr. Anvay Mulay has initially worked in the UK & United States before settling in India. He has done pioneering work in cardiac surgery for adults, especially in the field of CABG procedures. His areas of interest include aortic aneurysm, aortic dissections, aortic root replacements, mitral – aortic – tricuspid valve repairs, minimally invasive cardiac surgery, total arterial revascularization & surgery for heart failure.

Dr. (Col) Manjinder Singh Sandhu

Dr. (Col) MS Sandhu is presently associated with Artemis healthcare & was earlier the senior consultant (Hon’y) interventional cardiology at Batra Hospital & medical Research Center, New Delhi. After having a distinguished career in the Indian Army Medical Corps, he was posted as senior advisor at Base hospital, Delhi Cantonment. He is also having the honor of being accompanying cardiologist to President of India on tours. He is having special interest in rotational atherectomy, complex coronary interventions, transradial interventions, balloon valvuloplasty, ECD’s & cardiac resynchronization therapy implants, & peripheral interventions including carotid & renal, pacemakers & device closure of congenital heart defects.

Dr. Yugal Kumar Mishra

Dr. Yugal K Mishra is currently the director, department of cardiovascular surgery at the Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre in New Delhi, India & has already operated upon more than 12,000 cardiovascular cases since the last 21 years. His specialties of interest include ASD closure, aortic valve surgery, Port access approach for mitral valve, OPCAB & MIDCAB. Dr. Yugal K Mishra has already operated upon over 1,800 cases with port access technology. Other areas of interest include redoing cardiac surgery of which he has already performed 1,000 redo cardiac cases. He also has the credit of starting the robotic cardiac surgery program at Escorts Heart Institute & has performed over 400 robotic cardiac procedures with excellent outcomes.

Dr. Z.S. Meharwal

Dr. Z.S. Meharwal is the director & coordinator of the department of cardiovascular & thoracic surgery at the Fortis Escorts Heart Institute. He is having more than 25 years of experience in cardiac surgery & has performed over 20,000 procedures as on date, including a large number of complex cardiac surgeries. He is often invited to many national & international meetings as faculty & is having over 40 publications in peer reviewed journals to his credit. Dr. Z.S. Meharwal has received several awards including the President of India’s award for his contribution in the specialty of cardiac surgery. His field of medical interests include, minimally invasive cardiac surgery, surgery for heart failure including ventricular assist devices & heart transplantation, major vascular surgery, CABG in patients with poor ventricular function, carotid endarterectomy, valve repair & replacement, surgery of ascending aortic aneurysms & dissections & off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.

Dr. Krishna Subramony Iyer

Dr. Krishna Subramony Iyer is India’s leading front ranking pediatric cardiac surgeon & is highly recognized for his clinical expertise & wide ranging experience in cardiac care for children. He has initiated the first dedicated pediatric cardiac care program at the Fortis-Escorts heart Institute & under his guidance this program has become the benchmark for cardiac care within the region of South East Asia. Dr. Krishna Subramony Iyer has as of now operated upon more than 10,000 infants, children & adults with congenital heart diseases comprising of various cardiac procedures like arterial switch procedure, Fontan & Fontan type of procedures, double switch operation TAPVC repairs, corrections for Tetralogy of Fallot, Truncus, DORV & many others. He is also an expert in conduit repairs, senning operations & wide range of single stage & multi stage corrections of complex congenital heart diseases. Dr. Krishna Subramony Iyer has done original work on two-stage arterial switch surgery & performed the first rapid two-stage arterial switch & double-switch operation in the country. Presently he is working on perfecting complex neonatal cardiac surgery, salvaging late presenters of congenital heart disease & cardiac surgery in malnourished babies & children.

Dr. Suresh Joshi

Dr. Suresh Joshi started as the Associate professor Cardiothoracic surgery at KEM Hospital & G.S. Medical College before moving onto Grant medical College & Sir J.J. Hospital in Mumbai. He later trained at Royal Children Hospital at Melbourne in Australia under the guidance of Dr. Roger Mee & later followed it up with training at Royal Alfred Hospital at Melbourne & St. Vincent’s Hospital in Sydney. Subsequently, he was attached to several esteemed institutes in Mumbai including the Breach Candy Hospital, Saifee Hospital, Nanavati Hospital & Lilavati Hospital & Research Center. Dr. Suresh Joshi also was the director of the Department of CVTS at Jaslok Hospital & Head of the Fortis Pediatric Congenital Heart Center at Mumbai in India.

Affordable Heart Surgery in India

Cardiac treatment cost in India is one of the lowest in the world, while the quality of heart surgery is one of the best & at par with the best treatments across the globe. Moreover, cardiac surgeons associated with IndianMedTrip are highly ranked on a global scale & have over the last few decades delivered successful outcomes to the most complex heart problems. However, it would sensible of heart patients to understand that alongside these cardiac treatments they would also need to undergo lifestyle changes & take regular medications so as to effectively treat coronary heart disease.

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Different Vision Correction Procedure, Their Advantages & Disadvantages

Vision correction surgery is a surgery that works to correct all sorts of vision problems. There are many types of eye problems that cause clear loss of sight or low vision. In all the situations, a surgery is performed either to reshape the cornea, replace the natural lens or to make a clear the area in front of the eye so as to let light pass through it and reach the retina without any hassles.


To ensure correction of all sorts of vision problems, there are many types of vision correction procedures that are effectively delivering results. In the recent years many new technologies and innovative medical treatments have also come to for even better results. Some of the most common types of vision correction procedures are:



This is a short term used for ‘laser in-situ keratomileusis’ and is a surgery that works to reshape the corneal tissue of the eye using wavefront technology or laser so as to focus proper light onto the retina. This is mainly done on people who are suffering from eye problems like farsightedness, nearsightedness or astigmatism.

Read Complete LASIK Eye Surgery Pocedure

Advantages of Lasik

The advantages of Lasik include:

  • The procedure takes almost 30 minutes or even less to deliver effective results.
  • The innovations infused in the Lasik have eliminated the many risks associated with refractive surgery.
  • About 98% people who have undergone this surgery have experienced satisfactory results.
  • This is a permanent solution to vision correction issues that does not require any kind of follow up procedures or further sittings for improved eyesight.
  • The results are quick with a recovery of just a day. People who undergo this surgery can get back to normal schedule the next day of surgery.

Disadvantages of Lasik

The disadvantages of Lasik include:

  • The surgery is mainly done on a sensitive area and any risk or complication associated is irreversible.
  • The surgery goes deep in the soft layers of the cornea and may lead to weakening of the cornea.
  • It can even cause some sort of damage to corneal nerve leading to dry eye symptoms.

2. PRK

This is a short term used for ‘photorefractive keratectomy’ and is a surgery that works to reshape the cornea in people suffering from mild to moderate farsightedness, nearsightedness or astigmatism.

Advantages of PRK

The advantages of PRK include:

  • In this surgery no laser is used for creating the flap and hence the cornea is remained untouched.
  • The recovery rate of the corneal nerves is higher and hence prevents dry eye symptoms.
  • The surgery is believed to be highly accurate especially in cases to correct nearsightedness.
  • More than 90% of the people who have undergone surgery go with glasses or contact lens after one year of surgery.

Disadvantages of PRK

The disadvantages of PRK include:

  • This surgery often leads to some of discomfort and eye irritation that last to about three to four days after the surgery.
  • It takes longer time for recovery and to get back to normal schedules.
  • There are chances of haze development in the cornea and hence patients are required to use cortisone drops for nearly about 3 to 4 months.


This is a short term used for ‘laser epithelial keratomileusis’ and is known to be a variation of PRK. In this surgery laser is used to reshape the cornea by creating the epithelial flap through which the epithelial cells are loosened with the use of 20% alcoholic solution.

Advantages of Lasek

The advantages of Lasek include:

  • The major risks and complications associated with cutting the flap is avoided.
  • The surgery has negligible chances of developing dry eye symptoms.

Disadvantages of Lasek

The disadvantages of Lasek include:

  • The recovery time is too long.
  • The surgery causes more pain and discomfort as compared to Lasik.
  • After the surgery wearing a bandage contact lens becomes mandatory for about 3 to 4 days.
  • It is also mandatory to use steroid drops for few weeks after the surgery for about a few weeks.

4. RLE

This is a short term used for ‘refractive lens exchange’. In the procedure the natural lens is replaced by a silicone lens through a small incision made at the tip of the cornea. This is a perfect solution for people who have thin cornea and who have vision problems of extreme nearsightedness or farsightedness.

Advantages of RLE

The advantages of RLE include:

  • The surgery can resolve extreme vision problems with ease and success. The results are tremendous even with high prescriptions that go beyond the reach of laser surgery.
  • The visual recovery is quick with excellent results.
  • Chances of getting cataract becomes negligible at older age
  • During the procedure the cornea of the eye is left completely untouched and hence there are no issues with weakening of the eye or dry eye symptoms.
  • It is purely tested method of vision correction and has worked successfully on many patients over the years.

Disadvantages of RLE

The disadvantages of RLE include:

  • The main disadvantage is that the vision patients get after surgery is always not satisfactory. It depends purely on the eye condition of the patient.
  • If the surgery is not performed by expert hands it may lead to some sort of risks and complications. This is because the procedure might take use of crystalens that is an artificial lens implants and performing this requires expertise and experience.

5. AK

This is a short term used for ‘astigmatic keratotomy’ and is a surgical procedure used to correct astigmatism through one or two incisions made at the steepest of the affected eye cornea. The procedure can also be combined with various other eye surgeries.

Advantages of AK

The advantages of AK include:

  • This is a very safe and effective vision correction surgery.
  • It is a reliable eye surgery and most successful when it comes to treating astigmatism.

Disadvantages of AK

The disadvantages of AK include:

  • There is some sort of discomfort that lasts for about 2 to 3 days after surgery.
  • If any complication occurs during the procedure or after the surgery, it stays permanent.

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Dental Implant Treatment in Diabetic Patients

Diabetes is a serious disease that occurs when blood glucose level in an individual’s body becomes high. Blood glucose is a clinical term used for blood sugar which is a vital source of energy that we obtain from the food we consume. High amount of sugar in blood can adversely affect the health and prove to be life-threatening. This is the reason why medical experts have touted it as a silent killer. Timely detection and a suitable treatment can significantly help manage diabetes. People who experience potential signs of this disease like increased hunger or thrust, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme tiredness all day long should consult a doctor as early as possible.


What Is Dental Implant Surgery?

Dental Implant Treatment

Dental implant surgery is a medical intervention which is performed to replace the impaired tooth roots or missing teeth with artificial dental implants. Dental implant surgery is a highly beneficial procedure as it provides natural-looking teeth, improves strength and overall health of tooth. Unfortunately, not everyone is a good candidate for this type of implantation. Patients struggling with certain health conditions like periodontal disease, immune system deficiency, bone disease, and especially diabetes may have to face complications after completion of this dental surgery.


How Can Diabetes Affect Dental Implant Treatment?

Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can impact patient’s entire body system in a negative manner. It is a proven fact that diabetic patients are less likely to heal faster following any surgical procedure. Bone formation process also tends to be much slower in such patients. A dental implant surgery involves placing an artificial implant which is expected to fuse with natural bone during wound healing process. Uncontrolled diabetes may hamper the healing and lead to dental implant failure. Therefore, patients suffering from diabetes need to take various precautions before undergoing a dental implant.


Preparing for Dental Implant Treatment

Diabetic patients must contact a well-experienced dentist and discuss regarding their eligibility for dental implant surgery. Respective dentists may ask for a current medical report of patients to figure out their precise health status. In addition to this, they may also order the following tests.

Comprehensive Dental Health Evaluation – Surgeons may thoroughly check patient’s mouth and teeth condition. Depending on their oral health, they may design an appropriate dental implant for them.

X-Ray Test – Surgeons may recommend dental x-ray test to obtain precise images of patient’s teeth.

Dental implant treatment cost may vary according to provisions of dental care center and patient’s requirement.


Dental Implant Treatment Procedure

A dental implant surgery can be effectively performed with the help of enumerated steps.

Insertion of Implant – Surgeons make a tiny incision in patient’s gum to access specific bone and use a specialized drill-type of medical instrument to give appropriate dimension to implant site.

Healing Cap – After that, doctors place the implant at proper position and cover it up with a healing cap temporarily. This cap is removed after 5 – 6 months of duration and replaced a permanent implant known as an abutment.

Crown or Tooth – A replacement crown or tooth is carefully cemented in precise location over the permanent abutment.

A dental implant surgical approach may take many months for its completion. Diabetic patients may experience problems like bleeding, swelling or pain at implant site. They should promptly contact respective surgeons to avoid further complications.


Precautionary Measures for Diabetic Patients

Diabetic patients can successfully undergo a dental implant surgery by taking care of following important factors.

Controlling Diabetes – Diabetes should remain under control until the patient recovers fully. Therefore, patients must take appropriate medications and drugs as prescribed by surgeons.

Antibiotics – There may arise a risk of infection following dental implant surgery. Therefore, surgeons may recommend taking antibiotics to patients for reducing chances of implant failure.

Smoking – Patients need to quit smoking prior the implantation procedure as it may interfere with their recovery. They may also take help of a medical professional to get over this habit.


Avail Best Dental Implant Treatment with IndianMedTrip

IndianMedTrip has emerged as one of the best dental care facilitators in India due to their top-class medical services. Healthcare experts at IndianMedTrip are dedicated to providing high-quality treatments to international patients at affordable rates. They are associated with reputed hospitals and dental care centers in India which are well-equipped with latest instruments and modern infrastructure. Dentists and surgeons in these multispecialty hospitals are renowned for rendering positive outcomes following dental implant treatment in India. In addition to this, IndianMedTrip team also takes care of guest’s food, traveling, accommodation, and follow-up care sessions throughout their journey. Therefore, overseas patients can avail a cost-effective as well as quality dental implant treatment in India with IndianMedTrip.


Sleep Apnea Health Problems and Treatment Options

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is one of the most common and under diagnosed sleep disorders. Individual’s suffering from sleep apnea repeatedly stops and starts breathing during a night of sleep. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder which occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep.  Due to repeatedly starting and stopping of the breathing the brain and the rest of the body does not get enough oxygen.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

  • Headaches in the morning.
  • Waking up frequently to urinate.
  • Pauses in breathing.
  • Gasping during sleep.
  • Mood swings or personality changes.
  • Feeling irritable.
  • Dry mouth or a sore throat after waking up.
  • Depressed.
  • Restless sleep.
  • Choking
  • Sleepiness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Insomnia.
  • Loud snoring.
  • Impotence.
  • Lack of every during the day.

Who are at the risk of sleep apnea?

  • Sleep apnea mostly occurs in the male.
  • Having a large neck size can also lead to sleep apnea.
  • Individuals with large tonsils, a large tongue, or a small jaw bone are at risk of developing sleep apnea.
  • Being overweight adds to the risk of sleep apnea.
  • Sleep apnea is generally found in individual over the age of 40.
  • Individuals with having a family history of sleep apnea.
  • Individuals who smoke.
  • Individuals with nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies, or sinus problems.

Types of sleep apnea

There are three types of sleep apnea:-

  • Obstructive sleep apnea: – This kind of sleep apnea is more common. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by a blockage of the airway. This blockage is generally caused when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep. While sleeping a person’s throat muscles relax which allows the tongue and the fatty tissues of the throat to fall back into the airways and block airflow. During sleep apnea, the air is restricted from moving beyond the obstruction which results in a reduction of blood flow to the brain which in turn signals the brain to partially awaken from sleep and signal the body for its needs to breathe.
  • Central Sleep Apnea: – Central sleep apnea occurs when the brain does not send proper signals to the muscles that control the breathing. This sleep apnea is much less common that obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Complex Sleep Apnea:–Complex sleep apnea occurs when someone has both the obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

Treatment for sleep apnea

For milder cases of sleep apnea, the doctors may recommend lifestyle changes, such as to weight loss advice to quit smoking. In Case if the patient does not get relief from the lifestyle changes then the surgeon may recommend the following:-

1. Therapies

  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP):– Continuous positive airway pressure is the most common and reliable method to treat sleep apnea. In this therapy, the machine is used to deliver the air pressure through a masked which is placed over the nose of the patient while sleeping.
  • Other airway pressure devices: – Airway pressure devices automatically adjust the pressure while the patient is sleeping. Units which supply bi-level positive airway pressure are also used to provide the patient with relief from sleep apnea. These provide more pressure to the patient when they inhale and less when they exhale.
  • Expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP):–These are small, single devices which are placed over each of the nostrils before the patient goes to sleep. The device allows the air to move freely in. when the patient exhales the air must go through small holes in the valve of the device. This increases pressure in the airway and keeps it open. The device used to the expiratory positive airway pressure Helps in reducing snoring and daytime sleepiness in patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea.

2. Surgery

Surgery is often recommended to patients when all other treatments have failed. The surgery is performed with a goal to enlarge the airway through the patient’s nose or throat that may be vibrating and causing the patient to snore or locking the upper air passages causing sleep apnea.

  • Tissue removal: – While performing the procedure the surgeons removes tissue from the rear of the patient’s mouth and top of the throat. The patient’s tonsils and adenoids are also removed. This surgery is successful in stopping throat structures from vibrating and causing snoring.
  • Jaw repositioning: – In this procedure the patient’s jaw is moved forward from the remainder of the face bones. This enlarges the space behind the tongue and soft palate, making obstruction less likely.
  • Implants: – Plastic rods are surgically implanted into the soft palate of the patient.
  • Creating a new air passageway: – The patient’s may need this form of surgery if other treatments have failed and the patient has a severe, life-threatening sleep apnea. In this procedure, the surgeon makes an opening in the patient’s neck and inserts a metal or plastic tube through which the patient’s breathe.

Following are some other surgeries which are used to treat sleep apnea:-

  • Weight-loss surgery.
  • Nasal surgery to remove polyps.
  • Straightening a crooked partition between the patient’s nostrils.
  • Surgery to remove enlarged tonsils or adenoids.

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How to Identify whether you Need Hip Replacement or Not?

What is Hip Replacement?


The hips are one of the major weight-bearing joints in the body and are responsible for our overall movement. There are various reasons when the hip joint components get damaged and the function of the hip is affected severely. Hip replacement surgery is advised in cases when the natural hip joint does not function efficiently and needs to be replaced with artificially-made prosthetic implants which mimic the natural hip joint components (such as femoral head and the acetabular socket) and help to restore function and movement in the joint.

Hip replacement surgery may be performed to replace the damaged hip joint partially or even completely. There are various different brands and types of hip replacement implants but the basic function for these are the same: supporting the hip and allowing for its natural movement.

What is the need for Hip Replacement?

The hip joint is a ‘ball and socket’ type of joint in the body, The top end of the thigh (femur) bone is shaped in the form of a round, ball-shape while a portion to the side of the pelvic bone is shaped into a socket (acetabulum) which acts as a fitting point for the femoral (thigh bone) head.

There are various reasons when a part, or the complete, joint is affected and gets damaged. This restricts its function as well as the range of motion provided. The most common reasons for hip joint damage have been found to be arthritis, which causes damage to the cartilage-covered surface of the hip joint components, and friction is felt when moving this joint. This case requires the surgeon to replace the damaged hip joint components using artificial implants (made from ceramic, plastic, metal or a combination of these).

Hip replacement is also required in severe cases of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis or even Ankylosing Spondylitis of the hip. Osteoporosis caused fractures are also treated using hip replacement surgery. Hip replacement after arthritis is considered when the damage to the hip is severe and restricts its movements as well.

Also Read: Total Hip Replacement Surgery

When to consider Hip Replacement surgery?

Hip replacement surgery is mostly recommended when other non-surgical alternative treatment methods have failed to address the problem. Initially, in case of problem with the hip joint the doctor will use certain non-surgical methods (such as resting, medications, etc) to treat the damage to the hip joint in a natural way. In some cases, the damage to the hip is severe and this requires changing the components of the hip joint with artificial prosthetic implants for restoring strength and movement back into it.

Also Read: Hip Resurfacing Surgery

Why choose IndianMedTrip for Hip Replacement surgery in India?

India has the largest number of world-class orthopedic specialty hospitals and clinics all over its major cities which are equipped with the latest in medical and surgical technology. IndianMedTripoffers patients from abroad with the most effective and affordable hip replacement surgery at the hands of the most experienced orthopedic surgeons and specialists from India.

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Treat Colon Cancer with Colonoscopy in India

What is Colonoscopy?

A colonoscopy is a test used to detect unusual changes or any abnormalities in the large intestine which is the colon and the rectum. Colonoscopy provides the physician to directly image and examines the entire colon. Colonoscopy is very effective to diagnose and evaluate various diseases related to the colon such as colon polyps, colon cancer, changes in the bowel, diverticulosis, bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease, pain in the abdomen and obstructions. Colonoscopy can also be used for screening colon cancer. Colonoscopy technique has a key advantage which allows the imaging of abnormal findings and also therapy or removal of these lesions during the same examination. This technique is particularly helpful for identification and removal of precancerous polyps. While performing colonoscopy a long colonoscope is inserted into the rectum of the patient. A colonoscope is a long, thin and flexible tool which has a tiny video camera attached to the tip of it which provides the surgeon with the inside view of the entire colon. It is important to remove the polyps or other types of abnormal tissue removed through the scope during a colonoscopy. Sample tissues can also be taken during a colonoscopy for further examination.

Colon Cancer colonoscopy

Why is Colonoscopy performed?

The doctor may recommend a colonoscopy to patients in case of the following:-

  • To investigate intestinal signs and symptoms: – A colonoscopy technique can help the doctor in exploring the possible causes of rectal bleeding, chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, chronic constipation or any other intestinal problems.
  • To screen colon cancer: – Colonoscopy is one option for screening colon cancer.
  • To look for more polyps: -The doctors may recommend a follow-up colonoscopy in case if the patient has had polyps before. Colonoscopy is recommended to look for additional polyps, remove any additional polyps and reduce the risk of colon cancer.

Advantages of Colonoscopy

  • Colonoscopy allows the surgeon to view the rectum and the entire colon.
  • While performing the colonoscopy the doctors can also perform biopsy or polypectomy during the procedure if necessary.
  • Colonoscopy is a complete screening method available.
  • Colonoscopy is one of the most sensitive tests which are available currently.

Disadvantages of Colonoscopy

  • Colonoscopy may not detect all the small polyps, nonpolypoid lesions, and cancers.
  • The accuracy of colonoscopy dependents on the skill of the doctor who is performing a colonoscopy.
  • Prior to performing colonoscopy a thorough cleansing of the colon is required.
  • Before the colonoscopy, the patients are required to change the diet for better results.
  • Colonoscopy includes a small risk of bleeding.
  • The tearing in the lining of the colon can occur while performing the procedure.

Screening for colon cancer with Colonoscopy

There are several different ways to screen colon cancer such as the stool test sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. The entire test is performed under a mild sedative. While screening for colon cancer with Colonoscopy the entire colon can be viewed. In some cases, CT scans are used as an alternative to a regular colonoscopy which is referred as virtual colonoscopy. There are different other tests which are used such as Double-contrast barium enema which is s a special x-ray of the large intestine that looks at the colon and rectum and Capsule endoscopy which involves swallowing a small, pill-sized camera which is used in rare cases.

Screening options for people with an average risk for colon cancer the surgeon recommends:-

  • Colonoscopy to such patients at every 10 years.
  • Fecal occult blood test is recommended in every year which also requires colonoscopy results of the tests are positive.
  • Double-contrast barium enema tests in every 5 years.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy in every 5 to 10 years which is usually performed with stool testing in every 1 to 3 years.
  • Virtual colonoscopy in every 5 years.

Screening for colon cancer with Colonoscopy in India

Latest technique of colonoscopy is available in India at very fewer costs. Many patients from different countries come to India and avail the medical services at much lesser costs. This gave rise to many medical tourism companies in India. IndianMedTrip is one of the fastest emerging medical tourism companies in India. IndianMedTrip has a large network of associated surgeons and healthcare facilities in India. Wide ranges of services are offered by IndianMedTrip to their patient’s right from their arrival till departure. Food, accommodation, logistics and luxurious visits to exotic locations on request within the country is also taken care of at IndianMedTrip.

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